Classical texts and folk narratives contain important elements and symbolic narratives in the context of the self-recognition of the individual as well as the self-awareness, as well as the expression of the value judgments and beliefs of the society. While many imaginary elements used in literary texts come to us as fantastic, these elements appear as archetypes in the psychological approach of Jung. Archetypal symbolism, which is frequently encountered in expressions such as fairy tales, epics, mythology, is similar to the symbolic expressions used in mesnevis, the epics/novels of classical poetry. In particular, we see that Ahmedî’s ‘Iskender-nâme’, which has an epic nature, reflects all the characteristics of the archetypes of the os supreme individual, anima-animus and shadow adlı, the origin of the ritual and myths in accordance with the archetypes of, separation-individualization-return. The journey that Alexander began to realize was a divine symbol, and all the adventures he experienced in this journey included his stages in reaching the rank of individuation. The struggle of Alexander, the dragon, the devil and the war with the giants and the Khidr and the life of the difficult journey to find the life of the abduction of the hero’s individualization/archival process, the effects of a team, told through a number of symbols. In this study XIV. A century-old poet Ahmedî’s Iskender-nâme was examined according to the heroic myth and archetypal symbolism.
Ahmedî, İskender-nâme, Jung, Archetypal Symbolism, Seyr u Sülûk.
|Yazar :||Kenan BOZKURT -|