Commerce is a great reality of life. This reality has an inclusive material and nonmaterial broadness and depth. Art is a fruit of not only individuals, but also society and history. Elements that nourish society and the historical process in which society is shaped are religion, culture, civilization, and change of ages. Classical literature had utilized sources mentioned within the frame of a peculiar sense of art. Values/concepts related to commerce were used by poets as an important research field around which new dreams and images were established from time to time. Consul/consulate, which used to stand for any merchant at first, but then also included some political and administrative rights together with the changing political, social and economic developments, is one of the concepts related to commerce which is used by classical poetry. Many dreams and images established within the frame of consul had become the source material of the esthetical discourse of classical poetry. This esthetical discourse concerning the consul also includes witnessing the transformation of consul from an ordinary merchant into a position containing some legal and administrative rights. Poetry had taken advantage of the aforementioned world of meanings on an esthetical basis. Within this framework, it is possible to find dream and simile elements and literary arts such as fine causation (hüsn-i ta’lil), as well as poetic and sufistic discourses, social criticism and patronage statements, praise values and finally the institution itself (consulate) around the concept of consul. Aiming primarily at esthetics; the discourse brings us the commerce perception of a civilization and also the relativity of that perception according to the age.


Consul, Commerce, Classical Poetry, Poetry and Life.

Author : Özgür KIYÇAK
Number of pages: 1297-1318
Full text:
Turkish Studies - Language and Literature
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