Franz Kafka is one of the precious writers with his Kafkaesque title being a marker in the world of contemporary writers. His works has multidimensionality and depths which still guarded its mysteriousness in the world of reader. It is known that understand or read Kafka require certain competencies. The thing that makes a writer significant worldwide is his works being a gift to life, so to his reader. However, what makes Kafka different is his unwillingness of the knowledge of his works left behind. This has made the author even more mysterious. The novel named Metamorphosis (Die Verwandlung) discussed here has brought Kafka a more somber level in the eyes of his readers. In this study, in the author’s novel named Metamorphosis, playful elements forming background of prominent events in the novel and its extensions social criticism, actions of questioning has been considered. Kafkaesque writing and narrative style is considered to be one of the pioneers of postmodern literature. It has brought a new breath to the art of literature with its cross-rule style. It has added new depths to this kind of literature, which makes the reader think through its own spiral of expression. In his work named Transformation, the author added new layers of understanding to the reader's dream world through unconventional typing and dragged him into deeper fiction worlds beyond the possible world. All figures, as playful sections of ironized lives, occupied a place above reality. This work, which is an obvious example of surrealism, brings a special view and comment on the dilemma of society, individual and authority. As a method in this study, we have benefited from text analysis, reader-oriented readings and psychoanalysis approaches.
Kafka, freedom, individium, game, Metamorphosis.
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