In early childhood, which is considered to be the most critical period of life in terms of developmental aspects, children, especially with the support of their family members, gain various experiences about language and academic skills. In this context, it can be said that the demographic characteristics of the family lead to different effects in supporting the child's early academic and language skills. From this point of view, the research was conducted in order to evaluate the early academic and language skills of 60-72 month-old children attending preschool education in terms of some variables. For the general purpose of the study, answer to the question “whether there was a significant difference between the scores of 60-72 months old children in terms of gender, number of siblings, maternal education, maternal education, maternal occupation and occupational status according to their average scores of Kaufman Early Academic and Language Skills Research Test” was sought. The population of the study consisted of 60-72 month-old children attending to the kindergartens and nursery classes of elementary schools in the province of Afyonkarahisar in 2016-2017 academic year. The sample of the study consisted of 420 children, who were determined by maximum diversity sampling from the purpose-oriented sampling method among 60-72 months old children attending kindergartens and nursery classes of elementary schools in Afyonkarahisar city center. “General Information Form” was used to gather demographical information about children and their families, and “Kaufman Survey of Early Academic and Language Skills” was used to evaluate the early academic and language skills of children. In order to analyze the data obtained from the study, t-test and ANOVA were used. It was found out that the number of siblings, the level of parents' education, and the parental profession was significantly effective in the early academic and language skills of the children, while the gender variable was effective only in articulation skills.
Early childhood education, early academic skills, language skills
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