The concept of alienation, which has a negative content in terms of industrialization, refers to the type of people who feel disintegrated, weak and worthless in the modern world. 'Now' appears as a narrowing horizon for alienated people who feel themselves exposed to rapid and profound changes.. As a result, they have a difficulty in adapting themselves to the actual world. One of the areas in which this difficulty manifests itself is the relationship between I and other. The alienated individual cannot construct himself in transitional autonomy and non-authoritarian interaction with the other. Rather he poses himself either 'in the other' or 'in spite of the other'. In the first position, 'I' submits himself to the approval of the other by producing practices and discourses through which he identifies himself with other; thus I integrates himself to space controlled by the “we”. In the second position, I builds himself in spite of the other; and the other appears to be a foreigner, enemy, that is as a threat or danger. In these two forms of problematic relationships which are shaped by the will and power of one of the parties, 'I' projects himself by creating a space in the other or by making room despite the other. When I builds himself 'in the other', I feels himself secure at the expense of melting in the other or a postponed identity. When I builds himself in spite of the other, I feels emancipated and lonely. Said with sociological conceptualization, the first situation (building oneself in the other) is called self-alienation; and the second 'social alienation'. From the viewpoint of these conceptualizations, this paper will trace the manifestations of disintegration or alienation, primarily by focusing on “narrator”, which is narrative tools of the story, and the perspective. Then, it will explore the meaning of relationship between fictional narrator (I-as-witness-protagonist or I-as-witness) with the other in terms of the problem of alienation in the stories of Hüseyin Su.
alienation, I and the other, narrator and focalization, Huseyin Su stories.
|Yazar:||Bekir Şakir KONYALI -|