India has occupied an important place in British colonialism for a long time with its geography and wealth.To facilitate control of the region, the British initially established a company called East India. However, as a result of the geographical structure of the region and the difficulties of controlling the tribes in the region, England has taken over the administration directly.The developments in the XIXth century as a result of the Industrial Revolution increased the importance of India for England both as a market for British products and a source of raw materials.In India, the construction of colonial railways has been initiated by private British companies to serve their interests in order to ensure control of the region both commercially and militarily. During this period, the Indian Government served British interests, while indigenous people were employed as unskilled workers in railway construction. Due to the failure to meet the needs of workers working in railway construction such as sheltering and eating and drinking, many deaths have occurred due to the effects of various epidemic diseases.Obtaining the timber used in the construction of the railways from the Indian forests threatened the destruction of the forests. On the other hand, the increase in the prices of commercial products caused the public to suffer poverty. In this context, the railways did not provide an increase in the income level of the indigenous people while serving British colonialism. In this study, will be discussed the railways constructed by British companies in India and their reflections on Indian economy, indigenous people and Indian forests.
India, England, colonialism, railways.
|Author :||Aysel ERDOĞAN|
|Number of pages:||535-552|