A regulation was adopted in 2010 to determine the procedures and principles regarding the collection and disposal of domestic solid waste.Metropolitan municipalities, other municipalities and municipal associations were put in charge of the a forementioned process. Withinthescope of this service, thetariffsweredetermined in accordance with the total system cost and polluter pays principle. Counselling activities were carried out by the relevant ministry by preparing the necessary documents. The provisions of this regulation, which came into force in 2010, were supposed to be implemented within a year by the domestic solid waste administrations. However, this process has been extended until 31/12/2020 with amendments made almost everyyear. This regulation, which currently serves the purpose of protecting the environment and enabling everyone to live in a balanced and healthy environment, has failed to find a scope of application to a great extent. It is observed that the municipalities, which have started to take the necessary steps in this direction, and those who are in compliance with the a forementioned legislation have experienced significant problems due to the fact that the legislation does not address certain issues and that the system is quite complex. This article will discuss the historical development of the a forementioned process, the problems with it simplementation, the solution proposals and, in particular, the importance of the standardization of such taxes and fees regarding the environment. In addition, practices in the European Union and developed countries will be included in the taxation of domestic solid wastes.
LocalGovernments, Domestic Solid Waste, Polluter Pays, Environmental CleaningT ax, EU Domestic Solid WasteTaxes.
|Author :||Didem SAYGIN - Orhan Veli ALICI|
|Number of pages:||975-994|