The history of taking democracy as a form of government is quite old. However, the date of idealization of this form of governance on the basis of certain values is relatively new. Democracy, the matter at hand in the context of the problematic of 'who will govern whom in whoose benefit' has started to be defined in due course as the guarantor of ''high values'' such as; ”general will“, ”popular sovereignty”, ''human rights “,” liberties'' etc. and the mandatory basis for these values to be accrued. This approach, which Schumpeter calls the 'classical doctrine of democracy' has developed an axiological interpretation of democracy. Some objections have been raised to this new interpretation of democracy. One of the most notable of these is the Austrian economist and political scientist Josef Alois Schumpeter. The author who criticizes consideration of this kind of democracy and conception of humanity based on it, has given considerable criticism to the political doctrine with his own words as 'the classical doctrine of democracy'. The author first attempts to identify the basic components of the mentioned doctrine which became clear in the 18th century.The philosoper who opens up the basic concepts and principles to which this doctrine is based on, then focuses on the internal contradictions that they carry. Schumpeter, who criticizes the classical interpretation of democracy, which he sees as some kind of illusion, aims to remove the 'mystical cover' on democracy by pointing out the differences between the content in theory and the practical results. In the end, he actually propounds his personal opinion about what democracy really is. In this study, Schumpeter's criticisms of the classical interpretation of democracy were handled in terms of his own style of interpretation, and the study was concluded with the author's definition of democracy.
Democracy, General Will, Common Interest, National Interest, Rational Man
|Author :||Gökhan TOPLUK - Yunus KOÇ|
|Number of pages:||1057-1070|